Understanding Copyright

This week’s topic was something I had to go back to the basics in. Copyright is something I think about when creating, but not necessarily something I completely understand. This is one of the reasons I am loving COETAIL! COETAIL forces me to learn. The topics each week allow me to dive deep into a new topic and explore new tools and resources I have never used before.

So this is what I did this week, when learning more about copyright. I started with the basics. First, I took a look at the Copyright Flowchart (Rosenthal Tolisano) and You Can Use a Picture If: Guidelines for Image Copyrights. Then I read some of the resources from this week’s readings, but after I found myself still not completely understanding how it all works. I went to YouTube and found a few informative videos that left me feeling more knowledgeable.

This video helped me understand some basic guidelines that are useful as a teacher.

One of my big takeaways was from The VCG Blog-that image usage can be boiled down to four main ideas: copyright, fair use, creative commons, and public domain. Understanding those four main ideas really helped give me a clear understanding of how it all works.

Copyright Changes?

Copyright change was something I have never considered before, but after watching Copyright is Brain Damage (Paley, TEDxMaastricht), I started to wonder if there should be some changes made. Paley’s message is compelling and I could understand why she would claim that copyright doesn’t benefit us or artists, or the works in question. It benefits the people who bought the rights or so it seems.

It’s too bad that while copyright laws were put in place for a reason, it can also threaten an artist’s creativity flow. When artists start asking, “Can I use this? Will I get in trouble?” a roadblock is put up in the artist’s mind.

“If you have to ask, can I use this? We close a little more. Information flows a little less. Innovation stalls. Permission culture. It stopping the brain from working.”

Paley, TEDxMaastricht

My Role

As an educator, I want my students to be creative. I don’t want to be the one stopping that flow. However, I do think it is my job to inform my students of copyright laws and how to use others’ media responsibly. For my second grade students, I do this by teaching them how to search for images online that can be reused or modified. Or when making presentations, I taught them how to add music to the background using YouTube’s Free Audio Library.

As my students grow older, they will need to know more about copyright; especially, as they create more. It is important that there is a culture of responsible digital citizenship use in schools. This must be taught explicitly or students do not necessarily know how to determine what is okay to use or not.

This short video gives students a good overview of copyright.

Remix Culture

Teaching students the rules of remix is another idea I never considered much. Remixing songs and video is so commonplace today. Students love creating TikTok videos, memes, and GIFS. These videos and images are fun and entertaining, but it is also important to consider the copyright licenses for the material being remixed.

I had some fun remixing the song, “Senorita” by Camila Cabello for my students. One of my colleagues and I were looking for a way to bring some cheer to our students who had been doing home learning for several weeks at the time (now we are on week 11!). We sat down and rethought the original lyrics and made them fit our current situation. Then we filmed clips of the teachers and other school staff members dancing. Finally, we recorded the track with teachers singing along to the karaoke version of the song that we found on YouTube. Students and parents really appreciated the video! Check it out!

Now that I consider what I’ve learned this week, I am wondering if I followed all of the copyright guidelines though. The article from the Moving at the Speed of Creativity about the school who remixed the song, “In the Jungle,” was helpful in deciding. The only thing I may have needed to add to the video is credit to where I got the karaoke version from. I’m not sure though. What do you think? Is there anything else I should have done? I considered these helpful tips below as well.

Is it fair use?

  1. Is the video transformative (brings new meaning)?
  2. Does it feature original lyrics that are written by the teachers?
  3. Does it include an original performance of the song by our own students?
  4. Was it created and shared for an educational purpose?
  5. Is it shared non-commercially, where the school is not making any money from the performance or sharing of this creative work?
  6. It is not denying the owners of the copyright to the original song arrangement from any musical royalties or other performance rights income.